(C) Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Chinese President Xi Jinping is seen on television screens at a media centre as he delivers a speech via video at the opening ceremony of the China International Import Expo (CIIE) in Shanghai, China November 4, 2021. REUTERS/Andrew Galbraith
The highest-ranking members of the Chinese Communist Party will gather in the coming days and are set to green-light another term for President Xi Jinping.
U.S. inflation numbers may test the Federal Reserve’s view of price pressures as transitory, while trade data and more Q3 company earnings will show whether supply-chain glitches are waning.
1/ PARTY TIME
A gathering of China’s Communist Party in Beijing is expected to pass a historical resolution laying the foundation for President Xi to serve an unprecedented third term.
The first such resolution, in 1945, set the stage for Mao Zedong to become paramount leader while the second, in 1981, laid the groundwork for Deng Xioaping’s reform era.
This one may signal that Xi’s path is the one ahead, leading to “common prosperity” and away from growth at all costs. Unlikely to be mentioned is the precarity of the moment https://reut.rs/3nUCYvv, with China’s growth engines sputtering and credit markets crumbling just as global monetary policy is in flux — caveat emptor.
(For graphic on Winner vs losers under Common Prosperity – https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/zgvomrozyvd/MR.GOLD-OWNERSHIP%20-%20Winners%20and%20losers%20under%20China’s%20Common%20Prosperity%20initiative.png)
2/ PRICE GAUGING
The U.S. consumer price index out on Wednesday, is forecast to have climbed 0.5% in October after a 0.4% rise in September as Americans paid more https://reut.rs/3wif94l for food, rent and other goods.
Whether the current rise in prices is fleeting, stemming from temporary effects as the economy emerges from the pandemic, or signals the start a new upward trend, remains to be seen.
The Federal Reserve’s latest meeting held to the belief that high inflation would prove “transitory” though it acknowledged that global supply difficulties add to inflation risks.
It has managed to unveil a tapering of monthly bond buys without triggering a market “tantrum.” A strong inflation print that renews rate-hike talk could change that.
(For graphic on Inflation on the rise – https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/klpykdeakpg/Pasted%20image%201635972322848.png)
3/ TRADE CROSSROADS
Accommodative policies in the developed world have fuelled huge demand for consumer goods, driving this year’s trade rebound. Exports from emerging economies, from raw materials to semiconductors, have surged. Shortages and price rises have ensued.
But trade may now be at a crossroads. Economists predict post-COVID normality will allow Western consumers to spend less on goods and more on travel and dining out. That could allow inventories to rise and cool the goods trade in early-2022.
Data on Sunday will show whether Chinese power shortages slowed exports and if a cooling economy is hurting imports.
A U.S. export slump has blown its trade deficit to record highs, so Tuesday’s German data will be watched after August export volumes fell for the first time in 15 months. Finally, Monday may show semiconductor powerhouse Taiwan posting a 16th month of export growth.
(For graphic on Trade boom – https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/zjpqkwjwlpx/Pasted%20image%201636101083109.png)
4/ BEAT GOES ON
European stocks have never been higher and the latest slew of earnings could prove a catalyst for fresh peaks. Expectations for Q3 profit growth have surged to 57.2% year-on-year from 47.6% two weeks ago; so far almost 66% of companies have beaten expectations.
The fear of missing out on the post COVID-19 recovery and negative “real” bond yields help explain stock markets’ resilience. But how long can the party last? After all, the pent-up profit recovery from the COVID-19 2020 recession is expected to slow in 2022.
(For graphic on European earnings estimates – https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/zjpqkwqgypx/Europe%20Inc%20earnings.PNG
5/ HIKES ON OR OFF?
World markets are often shaken up by investors switching between risk-on or risk-off. To mix things up, sentiment these days is being driven by a hikes on/hikes off mindset.
One day, it’s about major central banks hiking rates soon (sell bonds, buy bank stocks) and the next, it’s about them putting off tightening for as long as possible (buy bonds, send stocks to new record highs).
The latter view currently dominates after the biggest central banks pushed back against aggressive rate-hike bets. The Bank of England just defied rate-hike expectations by keeping policy unchanged.
But uncertainty over the rates outlook remains high. And that means the swing between ‘hikes on’ and ‘hikes off’ days could become the norm. Brace for more volatility.
(For graphic on Markets now in hikes on/hikes off mode – https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/myvmnkogepr/theme0511.png)